XpatherTester.com is the current “go to” tool I use when I want to test XPath (online and for free). I prefer the one built-in to Stylus Studio, but that’s a paid for product that I cannot install on each client’s computer.
To actually learn XPath, I suggest the W3Schools site: http://www.w3schools.com/xsl/xpath_intro.asp
To test the tool, you can copy/paste a sample XML from here: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms762271%28v=vs.85%29.aspx
Step 1 – Paste in your XML to the tool
Step 2- Type in your XPath
For example, I typed in //book/title below. I have highlighted in yellow, because at first, it’s not intuitively obvious where to actually type in the XPath. Note: Do not type in the XPath in the Namespaces: box!
Step 3- View your results
The tool will leave your original XML on one tab of your browser, then the results will be opened in a new tab on your browser. This picture shows the original tab on the left, and the new tab on the right.
Step 4- Retry as needed
When doing a complicated XPath, you might have to try several times. Close the results tab in your browser, and go back to your original tab to try again.
If you want to specify something like //ns1:books you can define namespace ns1 in the namespaces textarea at the top of the screen. I haven’t placed with that much. I tend to create XPath that uses the “localname” syntax, which is a little more difficult. Use of this syntax is explained well on this StackOverflow page: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/10813653/xpath-select-node-based-in-a-condition-with-local-name.
For example: //*[local-name()='a'][*[local-name()='aCode']='aaa']
Additional XPATH resources/samples for dealing with local-name and namespaces
Here are some old posts of mine when learning to do XPath back in 2004, it hasn’t really changed since then:
Filed under: XPATH